What are the best charities to donate to in 2021?

Image credit: Alexandra Lammerink

You do not have Javascript enabled. Some elements of this website may not work correctly.

When you care about making a difference in the world, it's natural to ask: "Where can my donations do the most good?"

The great news is that we live in unprecedented times where your donations can do an astonishing amount of good.

However, not all giving opportunities are equal: depending on where you choose to give, your impact can vary by orders of magnitude.

Our current recommendation for most donors is to donate through Effective Altruism Funds.
It’s easy, and it lets you support the grantmaking of experts in promising fields.

Donate

Keep scrolling to find our list of top recommended individual charities.

How to Donate Effectively

1. Identify a promising cause to support. We find that the most promising problems are generally:

  • Bigger (i.e., they strongly impact many lives)
  • More tractable (i.e., there are clear and practical ways of making progress)
  • Less crowded (i.e., they are still in need of more funding and support)

2. Find which charity is working most effectively to support the cause: Indicators of reputable, worthwhile organisations include: reliance on evidence, cost-effectiveness, transparency, room for funding, and track record.

3. Pick an efficient way to donate: Try getting your donation matched by your employer, salary sacrifice your donations, set up a recurring donation, use a local grantmaking organisation, or donate using a fund.

Cause and charity selection can take a lot of time and effort, and many donors aren’t able to work it into their busy schedules. To help you get started, we’ve put together a list of trustworthy, effective charities working on some of the most pressing causes.

Our Effective Giving Recommendations

The following recommendations are listed roughly in order of convenience and suitability for most donors. The right giving opportunity for you will depend on your particular values and circumstances.

Give together, as a community

For most people, we recommend donating through a reputable regranting fund that's focused on charity effectiveness.

Funds are both easy for donors and highly effective. They help donors to pool their money together so that they can find outstanding giving opportunities that are evaluated by expert grantmakers and trusted charity evaluators.

Using a regranting fund is similar to using an investment fund instead of trying to pick which individual stocks will be the best investments. The regranting fund distributes your donation among multiple grantees. Just as diversifying your investment portfolio increases the safety of your investments, diversifying your giving portfolio increases the chances that your donations will have a positive impact.

You can donate to the following funds using Effective Altruism Funds. Donations are tax-deductible in the U.S., the U.K., and the Netherlands:

NameOrganisationDonateLearn More
Global Health and Development FundEffective Altruism FundsDonateLearn More
Animal Welfare FundEffective Altruism FundsDonateLearn More
Long-Term Future FundEffective Altruism FundsDonateLearn More
EA Infrastructure FundEffective Altruism FundsDonateLearn More
Maximum Impact FundGiveWellDonateLearn More
Center on Long-Term Risk FundCenter on Long-Term RiskDonateLearn More
Climate Change FundFounders PledgeDonateLearn More
ACE’s Recommended Charity FundAnimal Charity EvaluatorsDonateLearn More

Other ways our members give as a community include donor lotteries, giving circles, and giving games.

The best donation advice will vary based on your personal circumstances, such as the country you live in. (Our community has members from 95 countries!)

The following grantmaking organisations help donors from around the world to support outstanding charities individually or to pool their donations together to direct funding to where it is most needed.

Please bear in mind that some giving opportunities can be hundreds of times more effective than others, so it might be best to donate abroad while incurring international fees and missing out on a tax deduction if you believe the international organisation will do more to improve the lives of others.

OrganisationCausesTax-deductible countries
EA FundsVariousUnited States, United Kingdom, Netherlands
GiveWellGlobal Health & DevelopmentUnited States, Netherlands
Animal Charity EvaluatorsAnimal WelfareUnited States, Netherlands
Long-Term Risk FundLong-Term FutureGermany, Switzerland, Netherlands
RC ForwardVariousCanada
Effective Altruism AustraliaGlobal Health & DevelopmentAustralia
EA FoundationVariousSwitzerland
Effective Altruism New ZealandGlobal Health & DevelopmentNew Zealand
The Life You Can SaveGlobal Health & DevelopmentUnited States, United Kingdom, Australia, Netherlands
Fundación Ayuda EfectivaGlobal Health & DevelopmentSpain
Effektiv SpendenVariousGermany
Effektiv AltruismeVariousNorway
Gi effektivtGlobal Health & DevelopmentNorway
Ge effektivtGlobal Health & DevelopmentSweden
Doneer EffectiefVariousNetherlands

Follow the advice of trusted charity evaluators

Another easy way to identify highly effective charities is to follow the advice of charity evaluators who prioritise effectiveness in their charity reviews. We recommend checking out the following evaluators:

You can donate to many of the charities they recommend in one place using EA Funds.

It can be valuable to do your own research to find the most worthwhile giving opportunities. If you're going to do your own research, consider how much time to invest given (a) how much you're giving; and (b) how much you might give in the future. If you're giving a lot — now or in the future — it can be worth investing significant time.

If you're donating to individual charities, we also recommend: (i) discussing your options with other people interested in effective giving (such as the Giving What We Can community), (ii) looking at the research conducted by charity evaluators, and (iii) reading our guide on how to evaluate charities.

Our recommended charities work on a range of causes. Some use established, evidence-based strategies and some use strategies that are more innovative or speculative (but potentially higher impact).

We recommend donating to the following high-impact charities, and we regularly update this list. These highly effective charities are selected in collaboration with our evaluation partners and Effective Altruism Funds. You can also use the Effective Altruism Funds platform to donate directly to most of these organisations.

CharityCause AreaDonateLearn More
Albert Schweitzer Foundation (ASF)Animal WelfareDonateLearn More
Fish Welfare InitiativeAnimal WelfareDonateLearn More
The Humane LeagueAnimal WelfareDonateLearn More
The Good Food InstituteAnimal WelfareDonateLearn More
Wild Animal InitiativeAnimal WelfareDonateLearn More
Clean Air Task ForceClimate ChangeDonateLearn More
Against Malaria FoundationGlobal Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Charity Science (Charity Science Health)Global Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Development Media InternationalGlobal Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
END Fund (Deworming Program)Global Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Evidence Action (Deworm the World Initiative)Global Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Evidence Action (Dispensers for Safe Water)Global Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
GiveDirectlyGlobal Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Helen Keller International (VAS program)Global Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Iodine Global NetworkGlobal Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Malaria Consortium (SMC only)Global Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
New IncentivesGlobal Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Project Healthy ChildrenGlobal Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
SCI FoundationGlobal Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Sightsavers (deworming only)Global Health & DevelopmentDonateLearn More
Alliance To Feed The Earth In Disasters (ALLFED)Long-Term FutureDonateLearn More
Global Catastrophic Risk InstituteLong-Term FutureDonateLearn More
Johns Hopkins Center For Health SecurityLong-Term FutureDonateLearn More
Machine Intelligence Research InstituteLong-Term FutureDonateLearn More
Nuclear Threat Initiative (Biosecurity Program)Long-Term FutureDonateLearn More

Donating to meta-charities can help you increase the impact of your donations.

Instead of directly helping others with specific interventions (e.g., distributing bed nets or vaccines), meta-charities take a more indirect approach. This could include promoting effective giving (as we do here at Giving What We Can), conducting research into charity effectiveness (as GiveWell does), or conducting research into global priorities (which is the specialty of the Forethought Foundation).

Meta-charities are often able to raise more money than they need for their own operations, and the surplus typically supports their recommended charities. For example, GiveWell, whose main activity is cost-effectiveness research, tracks their "money moved." For every $1 they spend on research, they influence roughly $30 in donations to their top charities. Learn more about meta-charities.

The following meta-charities can be donated to using Effective Altruism Funds:

Learn from our members

This interactive chart shows which organisations Giving What We Can members donate to (by the number of members who have donated to the organisation).

Our members also discuss their giving at our events, on our private Facebook group, on our blog, and on the Effective Altruism Forum.

Seek trustworthy philanthropic advice

Donors with specific needs and a substantial amount of funding can benefit from working with a philanthropic advisor. Startup founders should consider connecting with Founders Pledge, which provides philanthropic advice to their members. If you're an individual donor interested in working with an advisor, please fill out this form and we will connect you with an appropriate person or organisation.

Make a bequest

Donating money from your estate to effective charities could help you to leave behind an incredible legacy.

Leaving a gift in your will to charity is typically called a bequest, but can also be known as planned giving. Learn more about making a bequest.


Join our effective giving community

If you’ve made it this far, we hope you’re inspired to give more, and to give more effectively.

Join the Giving What We Can community by pledging to donate a meaningful portion of your income to help improve the lives of others. It can help you to live up to your values, meet like-minded people, and inspire others to follow in your footsteps.

Learn more about our pledges

Not ready to pledge? You can also donate to an effective charity, sign up for our newsletter, read our blog, attend an event, join an effective altruism group, or get in touch if you’d like to discuss anything.

Questions? Need help?

If you have any questions or need assistance, we're more than happy to help out! Please get in touch via our contact page, and we'll respond as quickly as possible.