Extreme poverty, along with the problems it causes, is probably the worst ongoing disaster in the world today. It has many and complicated causes, including war, corruption, trade policies, debt, climate, disease and famine. Many of these are themselves by-products of poverty, creating a vicious cycle.
Of the 7.15 billion people alive:
- 2.4 billion live on less than $2 per day.
- More than 1 billion lack access to clean drinking water.
- More than 800 million go to bed hungry each day.
- More than 6 million die each year from preventable diseases.
- About 1 billion cannot read or write.
- World Bank online poverty analysis tool
- The World Bank’s 2013 report on World Development Indicators.
What we can do
The scale of poverty is immense, and it is easy to think that we in the developed world are powerless to do anything about it. However, the facts tell a very different story.
Official estimates from the United Nations 2013 Human Development Report show just how unequally split the spending, income and health figures are for countries around the world:
- Military spending worldwide exceeded $1.4 trillion in 2010, more than the GDP of the world’s 50 poorest countries combined.
- Average gross national income (GNI) per capita in very high HDI countries is more than 20 times that in low HDI countries.
- Life expectancy in very high HDI countries is a third higher than in low HDI countries. In 2010, the global under five mortality rate was 55 deaths per 1,000 live births, though spread unevenly across HDI groups. Low HDI countries had the highest rate (110 deaths per 1,000 live births) followed by the medium HDI countries (42), high HDI countries (18 deaths) and very high HDI countries (6 deaths).
These figures show just how unequal the global distribution of wealth still is.
What you can do: effective giving
Maybe you don’t give much to charity, but feel like you should. Maybe you’ve been put off by scare stories (often accurate) about donations going to waste due to political corruption or poor planning. Or maybe you haven’t thought much about what your donations could achieve.
If any of this applies to you, our message is simple: It’s good to give generously, but it’s just as important to give effectively. The difference in effectiveness - the good done per dollar donated - between different charities can be startling.
For an example of the difference that effectiveness can make, suppose we want to help people suffering from blindness:
- In a developed country this would usually involve paying to train a guide dog and its new owner, which costs around $40,000.
- In the developing world there are millions of people suffering from trachoma-induced blindness which could be completely cured by a safe eye operation, costing only about $20.
- For the same amount of money as training one guide dog, we could instead completely cure over 2,000 people of blindness.
- Distribute 700 mosquito nets, preventing 190 cases of malaria and 2.2 deaths, or
- Treat 7,100 people for neglected tropical diseases.
Over the course of a lifetime we could leave an incredible legacy of diseases prevented or cured, and lives extended. We can do all of this without leaving our countries, without changing our careers, and within our means.
See our giving advice to learn how you can make each donation as effective as possible.
At Giving What We Can we feel that given these facts, we are obliged to do something about extreme poverty. That’s why we've each made a public pledge to give at least 10% of our incomes to the charities we believe will do the most to fight poverty. Whatever our incomes, we will all have a tremendous effect on thousands of lives.
If you're ready to start saving thousands of lives, you can join us today by committing to give 10% of your income to effective charities. If you’re not ready for that, sign up with us to Try Giving, which allows you to choose how much of your income to give, and for how long.
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