Project Healthy Children works with rural millers in low-income countries to fortify staple foods with vitamins and minerals to end malnutrition in Africa.
According to Project Healthy Children, over 2 billion people lack access to essential nutrients, and about 8,000 children die each day from preventable illnesses resulting from micronutrient deficiencies. Micronutrient deficiencies can lead to various health problems, like blindness, birth defects, and serious cognitive impairment.
Food fortification is the addition of key vitamins and minerals (e.g. iron, folic acid, iodine, vitamin A, and zinc) to staple foods to improve their nutritional content and address a nutritional gap in a population. In the developing world, commonly fortified foods include staple products such as salt, maize flour, wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil, and rice.
Project Healthy Children (PHC) is working to end malnutrition in Africa. To achieve this, PHC:
PHC has already reached 2 million people with fortified flour, and it projects that it will reach 25 million people by 2025.
The cost of food fortification is as low as 26 cents per person per year, depending on the food and specific vitamins added.
We don't currently have further information about the cost-effectiveness of PHC beyond it doing work in a high-impact cause area and taking a reasonably promising approach.